Transmission-Water


TitleTypeLevel of evidenceSourcePublishedReview
Health risk information sheet - VaccinesFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
Health risk information sheet - SchistosomiasisFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
Health risk information sheet - Typhoid and ParatyphoidFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
Health risk information sheet - LegionellosisFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
European Working Group for Legionella Infection (EWGLI)Web directoryEvidence cited
Professional opinion
European Working Group for Legionella Infection (EWGLI)
Department of Health information on Legionnaires diseaseWeb directoryEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)
Health risk information sheet - LeptospirosisFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
Department of Health information on LeptospirosisWeb directoryEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)
Global Atlas of infectious disease an interactive information and mapping systemWeb directoryEvidence citedWorld Health Organization (WHO)
The Digestive Disorders FoundationWeb directoryEvidence citedThe Digestive Disorders Foundation
British Society of Gastroenterology Web directoryEvidence cited
Professional opinion
British Society of Gastroenterology
Acanthamoeba keratitis & contact lensesPublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionThe College of Optometrists
Outbreak of Cryptosporidium Infection in a swimming pool complex in Merthyr Tydfil South Wales Summer 2009Outbreak reportEvidence citedPublic Health Wales04/08/2010
Strategies for disease-specific programmes 2010-2013 OtherEvidence citedEuropean Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)14/07/2010
Public health risk assessment and interventions: Earthquake - HaitiOtherEvidence cited
Professional opinion
World Health Organization (WHO)25/01/2010
Investigation of specimens for Legionella species (BSOP 47)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)09/11/2009
NHS Infection Control Training ProgrammeBest practice
Training
Evidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)16/10/2009
Diarrhoea: why children are still dying and what can be doneSurveillance dataEvidence citedWorld Health Organization (WHO)01/10/2009
Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157Web directoryEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)23/09/2009
Immunoglobulin Best practiceEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/04/2009
Developing the Community reporting system for foodborne outbreaksSurveillance dataEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Eurosurveillance Monthly Release06/11/2008
Multiple exposures during a norovirus outbreak on a river-cruise sailing through Europe, 2006Research studyCohort studiesEuro Surveillance12/06/2008
Management of Spa Pools - Controlling the Risks of Infection Best practiceEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)02/04/2008
Enumeration of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by membrane filtration (W6)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)21/12/2007
Initial investigation and management of outbreaks and incidences of unusual illnesses - with particular reference to events that may be due to clinical, biological or radiological causes, including deliberate releaseBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)19/11/2007
identification of Legionella species (BSOP ID18)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)12/11/2007
Detection of Campylobacter species in water (W8)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)24/10/2007
Enumeration of coliform bacteria and Escherichia Coli by membrane filtration (W2)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)03/10/2007
Norovirus - Frequently asked QuestionsFactsheet
Public leaflet
Professional opinionHealth Protection Agency (HPA)15/08/2007
Foreign travel associated illness, England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. 2007 reportBest practice
Review
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/08/2007
Appendix 2 Specialist Advisory Committee on Antimicrobial Resistance (SACAR) Antimicrobial Framework Best practice
Care guideline
Journal article
Evidence citedAdvisory Committee on Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Associated Infection01/08/2007
General information about Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)Public leafletProfessional opinionNational Library of Medicine (NLM)23/07/2007
Traveler's Health: Yellow Book Health Information for International Travel 2008Care guideline
Web directory
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)01/07/2007
Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings 2007Best practice
Care guideline
Review
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)01/06/2007
General technique for the detection and enumeration of bacteria by negative pressure membrane filtration (W1)Standard Operating ProceduresCohort studies
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)05/04/2007
HPA webpages on Deliberate Release - Information for Healthcare ProfessionalsBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)15/02/2007
Epidemiological Data - CryptosporidiumSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)13/02/2007
Giardia lamblia Disease FactsPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)27/10/2006
Cryptosporidium Disease FactsPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)27/10/2006
CDC Traveller's HealthCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)11/07/2006
Infection Control Guidance for Care HomesBest practiceEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)19/06/2006
Antibiotic GuidanceCare guideline
Web directory
Webpage
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)12/05/2006
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - Legionnaire's diseasePublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online15/03/2006
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - LeptospirosisPublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online15/03/2006
Frequently Asked Questions about BotulismPublic leafletEvidence citedCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)06/12/2005
The Microbiological Examination of Water Samples (QSOP 57)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/12/2005
Statutory Notifications of Infectious Diseases (NOIDS)Web directoryN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)15/11/2005
Surveillance of polio in the UK (QSOP 31)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/11/2005
Foreign travel-associated illness, England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Annual Report 2005Review
Surveillance data
Evidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)01/11/2005
Protocol for involvement of HPA Laboratories and staff in the investigation of outbreaks food, dairy products and waterborne disease (QSOP 29)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)05/09/2005
WHO International Travel and Health 2005Care guidelineEvidence citedWorld Health Organization (WHO)01/09/2005
Epidemiological data - PolioSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)14/07/2005
Immunizations - travel vaccinationsCare guidelineEvidence citedPRODIGY Knowledge01/07/2005
General Information about DiarrhoeaPublic leafletProfessional opinionNetdoctor01/05/2005
Yeast extract agar (MSOP 47)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Membrane enterococcus agar (MSOP 39)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
MacConkey agar (MSOP 37)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Legionella selective agar (MSOP 29)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Thiosulphate citrate bile salt sucrose (TCBS) agar (MSOP 16)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
European Guidelines for Control and Prevention of Travel Associated Legionnaires' DiseaseCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/01/2005
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - Bladder infections Public leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online10/12/2004
Treating Opportunistic Infections Among HIV-Exposed and Infected Children: Recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes of Health, and the Infectious Diseases Society of America Care guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
03/12/2004
Preventing person-to-person spread following gastrointestinal infections: guidelines for public health physicians and environmental health officersBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/12/2004
Detection and enumeration of Legionella species by centrifugation (W13)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/12/2004
Detection and enumeration of Legionella species by filtration and centrifugation (W12)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/12/2004
Detection and enumeration of Legionella species by positive pressure membrane filtration (W14)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/12/2004
General information – Legionnaires' Disease (Legionellosis)Public leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)11/11/2004
Colony count by the pour plate method (W4)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/08/2004
Enumeration of clostridium perfringens by membrane filtration (W5)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/08/2004
Rinse Water for Heat Labile Endoscopy EquipmentBest practiceEvidence citedHospital Infection Society (HIS)01/06/2004
Clinical action cards to help GPs recognise new diseases and new threatsBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)18/05/2004
Health risk information sheet - CholeraFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)01/05/2004
General Information about typhoid fever and paratyphoid feverPublic leafletProfessional opinionNetdoctor01/04/2004
Outbreaks of gastroenteritis associated with norovirus on cruise shipsCare guidelineEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)30/01/2004
Handling Major Incidents: An Operational DoctrineBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Department of Health (DH)07/01/2004
PRODIGY Guidance - GastroenteritisCare guidelineEvidence citedPRODIGY Knowledge01/10/2003
HPA menu page on ZoonosesWeb directoryEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Detection and enumeration of Legionella species in biofilms and sediments (W15)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Detection of E. coli O157 (W16)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Detection of Salmonella spp (W7)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Enumeration of Aeromonas species by membrane filtration (W9)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Enumeration of coliforms and Escherichia Coli by Idexx (Colilert 18) Quanti-TrayTM (W18)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Enumeration of enterococci by membrane filtration (W3)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Enumeration of Staphylococcus aureus by membrane filtration (W10)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Isolation and identification of Acanthamoeba species (W17)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Food and water law sources for food, water and environmental laboratories (QSOP 39)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2003
Monitoring, maintenance and calibration of autoclaves (for the purposes of UKAS accreditation) (QSOP 6)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2003
Minimum performance testing requirements for food and dairy standard methods (QSOP 22)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2003
UKAS requirements laboratories using ready-to-use media produced by outside suppliers (QSOP 7)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2003
Traceability of liquid-in-glass thermometers in UKAS accredited laboratories (QSOP 10)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - ParatyphoidCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - TyphoidCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - ShigellosisCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - GiardiasisCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - EnterovirusBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - CalicivirusCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - CampylobacterCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - Hepatitis ACare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - CryptosporidiosisBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Laboratory diagnosis of Legionella infections in the HPA. (QSOP 30)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/09/2002
Guidelines for investigating single cases of legionnaires' disease.Care guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2002
Laboratory of Enteric PathogensWebpageEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)22/01/2002
Travel Illness in British Package Holiday Tourists: Prospective Cohort StudyJournal article
Research study
Cohort studiesJournal of Infection01/08/2001
Health Information for Overseas travel - The Yellow BookBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)01/01/2001
Frequently asked Questions about LeptospirosisPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)31/03/2000
General Information about LeptospirosisPublic leafletProfessional opinionHealth and Safety Executive08/07/98
The prevention of human transmission of gastrointestinal infections, infestations and bacterial infestationsBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)13/10/95
The Facts about LeptospirosisFactsheetProfessional opinionAssociation of Medical Microbiologist (AMM)01/01/92