Diarrhoea


TitleTypeLevel of evidenceSourcePublishedReview
Department of Health information on SalmonellosisWeb directoryEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)
Health risk information sheet - Typhoid and ParatyphoidFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
The Facts about shigella infections and bacillary dysenteryFactsheetProfessional opinionAssociation of Medical Microbiologist (AMM)
Health risk information sheet - LegionellosisFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)
Department of Health information on LeptospirosisWeb directoryEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)
HPA menu page on BotulismWeb directoryEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)
Department of Health information on BotulismWeb directoryEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)
British Society of Gastroenterology Web directoryEvidence cited
Professional opinion
British Society of Gastroenterology
WHO and FAO BruNetWeb directoryEvidence cited
Professional opinion
WHO and FAO BruNet
Identification of Escherichia coli O157 (BSOP ID22)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)28/09/2010
Identification of Enterobacteriaceae (BSOP ID16)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)28/09/2010
Deoxyribonuclease test (BSOP TP12)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)06/07/2010
Nagler test (BSOP TP22)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)06/07/2010
NHS Infection Control Training ProgrammeBest practice
Training
Evidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)16/10/2009
Identification of Salmonella species (BSOP ID24)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)29/09/2008
Identification of Campylobacter species (BSOP ID23)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)21/11/2007
Initial investigation and management of outbreaks and incidences of unusual illnesses - with particular reference to events that may be due to clinical, biological or radiological causes, including deliberate releaseBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)19/11/2007
Identification of Vibrio species (BSOP ID19)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)12/11/2007
Identification of Shigella species (BSOP ID20)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)09/11/2007
Identification of Yersinia species from faeces (BSOP ID 21)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)09/11/2007
Detection of Campylobacter species in water (W8)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)24/10/2007
Results of the voluntary reporting scheme for Clostridium difficile, England, Wales and Northern Ireland 2006Surveillance dataEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)17/08/2007
Traveler's Health: Yellow Book Health Information for International Travel 2008Care guideline
Web directory
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)01/07/2007
Epidemiological data – CampylobacterSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)19/04/2007
HPA guidelines for action in the event of a deliberate release - BotulismCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)16/04/2007
Epidemiological Data - ShigellaSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)22/02/2007
Epidemiological data - NorovirusSurveillance dataEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)13/02/2007
Epidemiological Data – SalmonellaSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)13/02/2007
Epidemiological Data - CryptosporidiumSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)13/02/2007
Epidemiological Data - Yersinia enterocoliticaSurveillance dataEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)09/02/2007
Epidemiological data – Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157Surveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)08/02/2007
Epidemiological data - AstrovirusSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)01/02/2007
Epidemiological Data - RotavirusSurveillance dataN/AHealth Protection Agency (HPA)09/01/2007
Campylobacter - Clinical informationPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)17/11/2006
General Information on NorovirusFactsheetEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)27/10/2006
Giardia lamblia Disease FactsPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)27/10/2006
Cryptosporidium Disease FactsPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)27/10/2006
Clostridium difficileFactsheet
Public leaflet
Professional opinionHealth Protection Agency (HPA)09/10/2006
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - GiardiasisPublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online14/03/2006
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - NorovirusPublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online07/03/2006
Intervention to improve antibiotic prescribing practices for hospital inpatients Systematic reviewEvidence citedCochrane Library01/02/2006
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - DiarrhoeaPublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online20/01/2006
Management, prevention and surveillance of Clostridium difficile - Interim findings from a national survey of NHS acute trusts in England Best practice
Surveillance data
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Healthcare Commission21/12/2005
Frequently Asked Questions about BotulismPublic leafletEvidence citedCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)06/12/2005
Severe Clostridium difficile – Associated Disease in Populations Previously at Low Risk – Four States, 2005 Case report
Outbreak report
Evidence citedMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report02/12/2005
General Information about Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS)Public leafletProfessional opinionNetdoctor03/08/2005
Simple guide to Clostridium difficileFactsheetEvidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)19/07/2005
Clostridium difficile cefoxitin-cycloserine agar (MSOP 52)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/06/2005
Identification of Clostridum species (BSOP ID8)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
General Information about DiarrhoeaPublic leafletProfessional opinionNetdoctor01/05/2005
Cefsulodin Irgasan novobiocin (CIN) agar (MSOP 15)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Clostridium perfringens selective agar (TSC) (MSOP 33)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Detection of Campylobacter species (F21)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Detection of Escherichia coli O157 by Immunomagnetic Bead Separation (F17)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Enumberation of Enterobacteriaceae by the Colony Count Technique (F23)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Enumeration of Clostridium perfringens (F14)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Indole test (BSOP TP 19)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
Lactose gelatin medium (MSOP 36)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/05/2005
General Information about Travellers' DiarrhoeaPublic leafletProfessional opinionNetdoctor01/04/2005
Antibiotic treatment for Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adultsSystematic reviewRCTCochrane Library24/01/2005
Health risk information sheet - Hepatitis AFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)01/11/2004
General information about RotavirusPublic leafletEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)24/08/2004
Enumeration of clostridium perfringens by membrane filtration (W5)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/08/2004
Health risk information sheet - CholeraFactsheetEvidence citedNational Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)01/05/2004
General Information about typhoid fever and paratyphoid feverPublic leafletProfessional opinionNetdoctor01/04/2004
Rotavirus vaccine for preventing diarrhoea Systematic reviewRCTCochrane Library27/01/2004
HPA menu page on ZoonosesWeb directoryEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Campylobacter coli - an important foodborne pathogenJournal article
Surveillance data
Meta analysisJournal of Infection01/07/2003
Guidelines for the investigation of chronic diarrhoea (tests for malabsorption), 2nd editionCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
British Society of Gastroenterology01/07/2003
Detection of E. coli O157 (W16)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Enumeration of Aeromonas species by membrane filtration (W9)Standard Operating ProceduresEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/07/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - CalicivirusCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - CampylobacterCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - CryptosporidiosisBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - AdenovirusCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
Guidelines on the management of communicable diseases in schools and nurseries - AstrovirusCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)30/04/2003
NHS Direct Online Health Encyclopaedia - BotulismPublic leaflet
Webpage
Professional opinionNHSDirect Online11/01/2003
Guideline for the management of children presenting to hospital with diarrhoea, with or without vomitingCare guidelineEvidence cited
Professional opinion
University of Nottingham01/11/2002
Laboratory of Enteric PathogensWebpageEvidence citedHealth Protection Agency (HPA)22/01/2002
PRODIGY Clinical Recommendation - Botulism - deliberate releaseCare guidelineEvidence citedPRODIGY Knowledge01/11/2001
Vaccines for preventing choleraSystematic reviewRCTCochrane Library22/01/2001
Health Information for Overseas travel - The Yellow BookBest practice
Care guideline
Evidence citedDepartment of Health (DH)01/01/2001
WHO Information Factsheet on CampylobacterFactsheetProfessional opinionWorld Health Organization (WHO)01/11/2000
Antibiotic treatment for travellers' diarrhoeaSystematic reviewEvidence citedCochrane Library21/05/2000
Frequently asked Questions about LeptospirosisPublic leafletEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)31/03/2000
Antibiotics for treating salmonella gut infections (Cochrane Review)Systematic reviewRCTCochrane Library25/01/99
Guidelines for optimal surveillance of Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalsCare guideline
Surveillance data
Evidence cited
Professional opinion
Health Protection Agency (HPA)01/12/98
General information on AdenoviridaePublic leafletEvidence citedThe Big Picture Book of Viruses01/05/95
Clostridium Difficile Infection – Prevention and ManagementBest practiceEvidence cited
Professional opinion
Department of Health (DH)01/06/94
An outbreak of hepatitis A among health care workers: risk factors for transmissionJournal article
Surveillance data
Evidence cited
Personal experience
Professional opinion
American Journal of Public Health 01/01/93