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Nottingham City Hospital Open Day 5th July 2003

In July 2003 we were invited to visit Nottingham City Hospital and run the study at their open day. We had 17 participants complete both questionnaires and of these 10 were were health professionals. The study was run as part of the infection control exhibit so it would be expected that participants may have been exposed to background information about antibiotic resistance before using the website and that health professionals taking part may have an interest in this field. As would be expected, scores for most of the true/false statements were high both before and after using the site. A summary of the results is below. The results have been analysed and appropriate statistical tests performed including McNemars test, and the paired t-test:

Knowledge changes
The following graph shows the percentage of paticipants before and after using the website that got each statement correct. Please note that the correct answers are not indicated on this site as this may compromise future studies.

There were no significant changes in knowledge as a result of looking at the website. This is most likely because the level of knowledge of participants was relatively high compared to the Science Museum data before using the website.

Attitude Changes
There were changes in attitudes for all of the questions, however only two of these changes were statistically significant. This is probably due to the small size of the sample. The significant changes were reduced expectations of antibiotics for acute otitis media. The following graph provides examples of the changes:

Knowing what the evidence suggests and what we therefore expect in our own situation are not always the same. This graph shows that there were decreased expectations of antibiotics for AOM after using the website if participants or their families were affected themselves.


There were some differences between the health professionals at Nottingham and the health professionals at the Science Museum, with those at Nottingham having a higher knowledge score before using the website, resulting in less significant changes after viewing the website. Attitudes were similarly different with Nottingham participants more likely to disagree with most of the statements before using the website. probably due to their higher level of knowledge about antibiotic resistance. However, there were still some significant changes in attitude with participants being less likely to expect antibiotics for AOM after using the site.
Our thanks to Professor Roger Finch and his team at Nottingham City Hospital for their invitation, and co-operation with this study.

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